Adoption by clinicians of electronic order communications in NHS secondary care: a descriptive account

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Background

Due to the rapid advancement in information technology, changes to communication modalities are increasingly implemented in healthcare. One such modality is Computerised Provider Order Entry (CPOE) systems which replace paper, verbal or telephone orders with electronic booking of requests. We aimed to understand the uptake, and user acceptability, of CPOE in a large National Health Service hospital system.

Methods

This retrospective single-centre study investigates the longitudinal uptake of communications through the Prescribing, Information and Communication System (PICS). The development and configuration of PICS are led by the doctors, nurses and allied health professionals that use it and requests for CPOE driven by clinical need have been described.

Records of every request (imaging, specialty review, procedure, laboratory) made through PICS were collected between October 2008 and July 2019 and resulting counts were presented. An estimate of the proportion of completed requests made through the system has been provided for three example requests. User surveys were completed.

Results

In the first 6 months of implementation, a total of 832 new request types (imaging types and specialty referrals) were added to the system. Subsequently, an average of 6.6 new request types were added monthly. In total, 8 035 132 orders were requested through PICS. In three example request types (imaging, endoscopy and full blood count), increases in the proportion of requests being made via PICS were seen. User feedback at 6 months reported improved communications using the electronic system.

Conclusion

CPOE was popular, rapidly adopted and diversified across specialties encompassing wide-ranging requests.

Coleman, J. J., Atia, J., Evison, F., Wilson, L., Gallier, S., Sames, R., Capewell, A., Copley, R., Gyves, H., Ball, S., Pankhurst, T.

Coleman, J. J., Atia, J., Evison, F., Wilson, L., Gallier, S., Sames, R., Capewell, A., Copley, R., Gyves, H., Ball, S., Pankhurst, T.

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