Although mHealth applications are becoming more widely available and used, there is no evidence about why people are willing to use them. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the willingness of patients with diabetes to use mHealth applications and associated factors for self-care management in Ethiopia.
An institutional cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 patients with diabetes. Data were collected using pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Epi Data V.4.6 for entering the data and STATA V.14 for analysing the data were used. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify factors associated with patient’s willingness to use mobile health applications.
A total of 398 study participants were included in the study. About 284 (71.4%) 95% CI (66.8% to 75.9%)). Of participants were willing to use mobile health applications. Patients below 30 years of age (adjusted OR, AOR 2.21; 95% CI (1.22 to 4.10)), urban residents (AOR 2.12; 95% CI (1.12 to 3.98)), internet access (AOR 3.91; 95% CI (1.31 to 11.5)), favourable attitude (AOR 5.20; 95% CI (2.60 to 10.40)), perceived ease of use (AOR 2.57; 95% CI (1.34 to 4.85)) and perceived usefulness (AOR 4.67; 95% CI (1.95 to 5.77)) were significantly associated with patients’ willingness to use mobile health applications.
Overall, diabetes patients’ willingness to use mobile health applications was high. Patients’ age, place of residence, internet access, attitude, perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness were significant factors concerning their willingness to use mobile health applications. Considering these factors could provide insight for developing and adopting diabetes management applications on mobile devices in Ethiopia.